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- Country: Russia
- IMDB Rating: 7.7
- Genres: Crime, Drama, Thriller, War
- Release: 2007-09-20
- Director: Nikita Mikhalkov
- Writers: Nikita Mikhalkov , Aleksandr Novototskiy-Vlasov , Vladimir Moiseenko
- Language: Russian | Chechen
- Stars: Sergey Makovetskiy , Nikita Mikhalkov , Sergey Garmash , Valentin Gaft
- Runtime: 159 min
- Awards: Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 9 wins & 7 nominations.
- Plot: A loose remake of 12 Angry Men (1957), set in a Russian school. 12 jurors are struggling to decide the fate of a Chechen teenager who allegedly killed his Russian stepfather who took the teenager to live with him in Moscow during the Chechen War in which teenager lost his parents. The jurors: a racist taxi-driver, a suspicious doctor, a vacillating TV producer, a Holocaust survivor, a flamboyant musician, a cemetery manager, and others represent the fragmented society of modern day Russia. A stray bird (a touch of New Age cinema) is flying above the jurors' heads, alluding to tolerance.